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dc.contributor.authorWoodward, H
dc.contributor.authorFan, S
dc.contributor.authorBhagat, RK
dc.contributor.authorDadonau, M
dc.contributor.authorWykes, MD
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorHama, S
dc.contributor.authorTiwari, A
dc.contributor.authorDalziel, Stuart
dc.contributor.authorJones, Roderic
dc.contributor.authorKumar, P
dc.contributor.authorLinden, Paul
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-01T12:48:23Z
dc.date.available2021-10-01T12:48:23Z
dc.date.issued2021-10
dc.identifier.issn0004-6973
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/328856
dc.description.abstract<jats:p>A series of experiments was undertaken on an intercity train carriage aimed at providing a “proof of concept” for three methods in improving our understanding of airflow behaviour and the accompanied dispersion of exhaled droplets. The methods used included the following: measuring CO2 concentrations as a proxy for exhaled breath, measuring the concentrations of different size fractions of aerosol particles released from a nebuliser, and visualising the flow patterns at cross-sections of the carriage by using a fog machine and lasers. Each experiment succeeded in providing practical insights into the risk of airborne transmission. For example, it was shown that the carriage is not well mixed over its length, however, it is likely to be well mixed along its height and width. A discussion of the suitability of the fresh air supply rates on UK train carriages is also provided, drawing on the CO2 concentrations measured during these experiments.</jats:p>
dc.languageen
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.subjectairborne transmission
dc.subjectCOVID-19
dc.subjectpublic transport
dc.subjectventilation
dc.subjectaerosol dispersion
dc.titleAir flow experiments on a train carriage—Towards understanding the risk of airborne transmission
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2021-10-01T12:48:22Z
prism.issueIdentifier10
prism.publicationNameAtmosphere
prism.volume12
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.76303
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-09-22
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3390/atmos12101267
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidMartin, Elizabeth [0000-0002-4743-2842]
dc.contributor.orcidDalziel, Stuart [0000-0002-8487-2038]
dc.contributor.orcidJones, Roderic [0000-0002-6761-3966]
dc.contributor.orcidLinden, Paul [0000-0002-8511-2241]
dc.identifier.eissn2073-4433
pubs.funder-project-idEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/N010221/1)
cam.issuedOnline2021-09-29


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