The Management of Acute Colonic Diverticulitis in the COVID-19 Era: A Scoping Review.
Di Saverio, Salomone
Binda, Gian Andrea
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Cirocchi, R., Nascimbeni, R., Burini, G., Boselli, C., Barberini, F., Davies, J., Di Saverio, S., et al. (2021). The Management of Acute Colonic Diverticulitis in the COVID-19 Era: A Scoping Review.. Medicina (Kaunas), 57 (10) https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57101127
Background and Objective: During the COVID-19 pandemic, health systems worldwide made major changes to their organization, delaying diagnosis and treatment across a broad spectrum of pathologies. Concerning surgery, there was an evident reduction in all elective and emergency activities, particularly for benign pathologies such as acute diverticulitis, for which we have identified a reduction in emergency room presentation with mild forms and an increase with more severe forms. The aim of our review was to discover new data on emergency presentation for patients with acute diverticulitis during the Covid-19 pandemic and their current management, and to define a better methodology for surgical decision-making. Method: We conducted a scoping review on 25 trials, analyzing five points: reduced hospital access for patients with diverticulitis, the preferred treatment for non-complicated diverticulitis, the role of CT scanning in primary evaluation and percutaneous drainage as a treatment, and changes in surgical decision-making and preferred treatment strategies for complicated diverticulitis. Results: We found a decrease in emergency access for patients with diverticular disease, with an increased incidence of complicated diverticulitis. The preferred treatment was conservative for non-complicated forms and in patients with COVID-related pneumonia, percutaneous drainage for abscess, or with surgery delayed or reserved for diffuse peritonitis or sepsis. Conclusion: During the COVID-19 pandemic we observed an increased number of complicated forms of diverticulitis, while the total number decreased, possibly due to delay in hospital or ambulatory presentation because of the fear of contracting COVID-19. We observed a greater tendency to treat these more severe forms by conservative means or drainage. When surgery was necessary, there was a preference for an open approach or a delayed operation.
COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, acute diverticulitis, diverticular disease, new management, emergency room
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57101127
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/329653