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dc.contributor.authorYang, Q
dc.contributor.authorJenkins, SF
dc.contributor.authorLerner, GA
dc.contributor.authorLi, W
dc.contributor.authorSuzuki, T
dc.contributor.authorMcLean, D
dc.contributor.authorDerkachev, AN
dc.contributor.authorUtkin, IV
dc.contributor.authorWei, H
dc.contributor.authorXu, J
dc.contributor.authorPan, B
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-08T16:24:44Z
dc.date.available2021-11-08T16:24:44Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.date.submitted2021-06-21
dc.identifier.issn0258-8900
dc.identifier.others00445-021-01487-8
dc.identifier.other1487
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/330433
dc.descriptionFunder: AXA joint research initiative
dc.description.abstract<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The Millennium Eruption (AD 946–947) of Changbaishan Tianchi Volcano is one of the largest known eruptions in recorded history. With the help of previously published isopachs and distal ash thicknesses, we re-calculate the bulk volume of its distal eruptive product, the B-Tm ash, as 27–62 km<jats:sup>3</jats:sup> and the total eruption volume as 40–98 km<jats:sup>3</jats:sup>. The updated volume estimates are around half of those estimated by previous studies of this seminal eruption. Our work shows that the Millennium Eruption is a VEI-6 eruption, rather than VEI-7 as previously envisaged, and its magnitude is also lower than previously thought. This has implications for regional frequency-magnitude relationships and may also partially explain the limited regional, rather than global, climatic effects of the Millennium Eruption.</jats:p>
dc.languageen
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.subjectShort Scientific Communication
dc.subjectMillennium eruption
dc.subjectChangbaishan tianchi volcano
dc.subjectIsopachs
dc.subjectB-Tm ash
dc.subjectTephra volume
dc.subjectVEI
dc.titleThe Millennium Eruption of Changbaishan Tianchi Volcano is VEI 6, not 7
dc.typeOther
dc.date.updated2021-11-08T16:24:42Z
prism.issueIdentifier11
prism.publicationNameBulletin of Volcanology
prism.volume83
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.77876
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-08-27
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s00445-021-01487-8
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidYang, Q [0000-0002-5631-889X]
dc.identifier.eissn1432-0819
pubs.funder-project-idNational Research Foundation Singapore and the Singapore Ministry of Education (NRF2018NRF-NSFC003ES-010)
pubs.funder-project-idNational Natural Science Foundation of China (41861144025)
cam.issuedOnline2021-10-23


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