Shorter Alkyl Chains Enhance Molecular Diffusion and Electron Transfer Kinetics between Photosensitisers and Catalysts in CO2 -Reducing Photocatalytic Liposomes.
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Klein, D. M., Rodríguez-Jiménez, S., Hoefnagel, M. E., Pannwitz, A., Prabhakaran, A., Siegler, M. A., Keyes, T. E., et al. (2021). Shorter Alkyl Chains Enhance Molecular Diffusion and Electron Transfer Kinetics between Photosensitisers and Catalysts in CO2 -Reducing Photocatalytic Liposomes.. Chemistry https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.202102989
Funder: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100003246
Covalent functionalisation with alkyl tails is a common method for supporting molecular catalysts and photosensitisers onto lipid bilayers, but the influence of the alkyl chain length on the photocatalytic performances of the resulting liposomes is not well understood. In this work, we first prepared a series of rhenium-based CO2 -reduction catalysts [Re(4,4'-(Cn H2n+1 )2 -bpy)(CO)3 Cl] (ReCn ; 4,4'-(Cn H2n+1 )2 -bpy=4,4'-dialkyl-2,2'-bipyridine) and ruthenium-based photosensitisers [Ru(bpy)2 (4,4'-(Cn H2n+1 )2 -bpy)](PF6 )2 (RuCn ) with different alkyl chain lengths (n=0, 9, 12, 15, 17, and 19). We then prepared a series of PEGylated DPPC liposomes containing RuCn and ReCn , hereafter noted Cn , to perform photocatalytic CO2 reduction in the presence of sodium ascorbate. The photocatalytic performance of the Cn liposomes was found to depend on the alkyl tail length, as the turnover number for CO (TON) was inversely correlated to the alkyl chain length, with a more than fivefold higher CO production (TON=14.5) for the C9 liposomes, compared to C19 (TON=2.8). Based on immobilisation efficiency quantification, diffusion kinetics, and time-resolved spectroscopy, we identified the main reason for this trend: two types of membrane-bound RuCn species can be found in the membrane, either deeply buried in the bilayer and diffusing slowly, or less buried with much faster diffusion kinetics. Our data suggest that the higher photocatalytic performance of the C9 system is due to the higher fraction of the more mobile and less buried molecular species, which leads to enhanced electron transfer kinetics between RuC9 and ReC9 .
Full Paper, Full Papers, artificial photosynthesis, CO2 reduction, liposomes, photocatalysis
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) (828838)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.202102989
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/330791