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dc.contributor.authorFabian, Mark
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-22T14:47:39Z
dc.date.available2021-11-22T14:47:39Z
dc.date.issued2021-10-12
dc.identifier.issn1389-4978
dc.identifier.otherPMC8506099
dc.identifier.other34658664
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/330908
dc.description.abstractScale norming is where respondents use qualitatively different scales to answer the same question across survey waves. It makes responses challenging to compare intertemporally or interpersonally. This paper develops a formal model of the cognitive process that could give rise to scale norming in year on year responses to life satisfaction scale questions. It then uses this model to conceptually differentiate scale norming from adaptation and changes in reference points. Scale norming could make life satisfaction responses misleading with regards to the changing welfare of individuals. In particular, individuals who would say that their life is "improving" or "going well" might nonetheless give the same scale response year after year. This has negative implications for the use of scales in cost-benefit analysis and other welfarist applications. While there is already substantial empirical evidence for the existence of scale norming, its implications for welfare analysis are sometimes understated on the grounds that this evidence might simply be the product of errors of memory. The paper presents new empirical evidence for scale norming from two surveys (N1 = 278; N2 = 1050) designed such that errors of memory are an unconvincing explanation for the results.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourcenlmid: 100909039
dc.subjectAdaptation
dc.subjectSubjective Well-being
dc.subjectLife Satisfaction
dc.subjectResponse Shift
dc.subjectWelfare Analysis
dc.subjectScale Norming
dc.titleScale Norming Undermines the Use of Life Satisfaction Scale Data for Welfare Analysis.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2021-11-22T14:47:39Z
prism.endingPage33
prism.publicationNameJ Happiness Stud
prism.startingPage1
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.78351
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-09-28
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s10902-021-00460-8
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidFabian, Mark [0000-0003-4675-2526]
dc.identifier.eissn1573-7780
cam.issuedOnline2021-10-12


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International