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dc.contributor.authorGurley, Emily S
dc.contributor.authorHegde, Sonia T
dc.contributor.authorHossain, Kamal
dc.contributor.authorSazzad, Hossain MS
dc.contributor.authorHossain, M Jahangir
dc.contributor.authorRahman, Mahmudur
dc.contributor.authorSharker, MA Yushuf
dc.contributor.authorSalje, Henrik
dc.contributor.authorIslam, M Saiful
dc.contributor.authorEpstein, Jonathan H
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Salah U
dc.contributor.authorKilpatrick, A Marm
dc.contributor.authorDaszak, Peter
dc.contributor.authorLuby, Stephen P
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-25T10:15:34Z
dc.date.available2021-11-25T10:15:34Z
dc.date.issued2017-09
dc.identifier.issn1080-6040
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/331106
dc.description.abstractPreventing emergence of new zoonotic viruses depends on understanding determinants for human risk. Nipah virus (NiV) is a lethal zoonotic pathogen that has spilled over from bats into human populations, with limited person-to-person transmission. We examined ecologic and human behavioral drivers of geographic variation for risk of NiV infection in Bangladesh. We visited 60 villages during 2011-2013 where cases of infection with NiV were identified and 147 control villages. We compared case villages with control villages for most likely drivers for risk of infection, including number of bats, persons, and date palm sap trees, and human date palm sap consumption behavior. Case villages were similar to control villages in many ways, including number of bats, persons, and date palm sap trees, but had a higher proportion of households in which someone drank sap. Reducing human consumption of sap could reduce virus transmission and risk for emergence of a more highly transmissible NiV strain.
dc.format.mediumPrint
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
dc.subjectAnimals
dc.subjectChiroptera
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectNipah Virus
dc.subjectZoonoses
dc.subjectHenipavirus Infections
dc.subjectRisk
dc.subjectCase-Control Studies
dc.subjectFeeding Behavior
dc.subjectDisease Outbreaks
dc.subjectRural Population
dc.subjectBangladesh
dc.subjectPhoeniceae
dc.titleConvergence of Humans, Bats, Trees, and Culture in Nipah Virus Transmission, Bangladesh.
dc.typeArticle
prism.endingPage1453
prism.issueIdentifier9
prism.publicationDate2017
prism.publicationNameEmerg Infect Dis
prism.startingPage1446
prism.volume23
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.78553
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3201/eid2309.161922
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2017-09
dc.contributor.orcidSalje, Henrik [0000-0003-3626-4254]
dc.identifier.eissn1080-6059
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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