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dc.contributor.authorAljuraiban, Ghadeer S
dc.contributor.authorGibson, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorAl-Freeh, Leenah
dc.contributor.authorAl-Musharaf, Sara
dc.contributor.authorShivappa, Nitin
dc.contributor.authorHébert, James R
dc.contributor.authorOude Griep, Linda M
dc.contributor.authorChan, Queenie
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-25T16:26:45Z
dc.date.available2021-11-25T16:26:45Z
dc.date.issued2022-04
dc.identifier.issn2212-2672
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/331165
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Saudi Arabian diets are transitioning to more Western dietary patterns that have been associated with higher levels of inflammation. Emerging evidence suggests plant-based diets are related to lower levels of inflammation; however, the definition of plant-based diets varies. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the extent to which an overall Plant-Based Diet Index (PDI), Healthy-PDI (hPDI), and Unhealthy-PDI (uPDI) vs Energy-Adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index correlate with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study carried out at King Saud University. Data on dietary intake, anthropometrics, and hs-CRP were collected. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Female students aged 19 to 35 years (n = 401) were recruited from King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between February and May 2019. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome was hs-CRP level. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Pearson correlation and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to examine the associations between hs-CRP, each PDI, and Energy-Adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index (E-DII). RESULTS: E-DII and uPDI scores had a moderate and a small positive correlation with hs-CRP levels (r = 0.46 and 0.22, respectively), whereas PDI and hPDI scores had a small and a moderate inverse correlation with hs-CRP levels (r = -0.13 and -0.31, respectively). A 1-standard deviation higher E-DII score was directly associated with a 1.05 mg/L higher hs-CRP level (95% confidence interval 0.72 to 1.38; P < 0.0001) after adjusting for body mass index. Overall PDI score was not associated with hs-CRP levels. A 6-point higher hPDI and uPDI score were associated with a 0.13 mg/L lower hs-CRP (95% confidence interval -0.08 to -0.28) and a 0.15 mg/L higher hs-CRP (95% confidence interval 0.03 to 0.31), respectively, after adjusting for lifestyle and dietary factors; however, results attenuated and were no longer statistically significant after body mass index adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: Although all indexes had a small or moderate correlation with hs-CRP, only E-DII score was positively associated with hs-CRP level. Future research can examine PDI-based interventions for lowering inflammation.
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.rightsAll rights reserved
dc.rights.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
dc.titleAssociations Among Plant-Based Dietary Indexes, the Dietary Inflammatory Index, and Inflammatory Potential in Female College Students In Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study.
dc.typeArticle
prism.publicationDate2021
prism.publicationNameJ Acad Nutr Diet
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.78612
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.78612
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-08-27
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1016/j.jand.2021.08.111
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2021-09
dc.contributor.orcidOude Griep, Linda [0000-0001-7697-7473]
dc.identifier.eissn2212-2680
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idCambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (CUH) (146281)
cam.issuedOnline2021-09
cam.orpheus.success2021-11-25 - Embargo set during processing via Fast-track
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2022-09-30


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