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dc.contributor.authorCampana, Paolo
dc.contributor.authorNiezink, Nynke
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-10T00:30:17Z
dc.date.available2021-12-10T00:30:17Z
dc.identifier.issn0748-4518
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/331314
dc.description.abstractObjective: This study examines the mechanisms underpinning the emergence of violence among individuals in the organized crime milieu. Methods: Relying on criminal event data recorded by a UK Police Force, we apply a longitudinal network approach to study violent interactions among offenders. The data span the period from 2000 to 2016 and include 6,234 offenders and 23,513 organized crime-related events. Instead of aggregating these data over time, we use a relational event-based approach to take into consideration the order of events. We employ an actor-oriented framework to model offenders’ victim choices in 156 violent events in the OC milieu. Results: We find that the choice of offenders to target a particular victim is strongly affected by their mutual history. A violent act is often preceded by a previous act of violence, both in the form of repeated violence and reciprocated violence. We show that violence is strongly associated with prior co-offending turning sour. We uncover a strong effect for previous harassment as a retaliation cum escalation mechanism. Finally, we find evidence of conflicts within organized crime groups and of violence being directed to offenders with the same ethnic background. Conclusions: Relational effects on victimization are consistently stronger than the effects of individual characteristics. Therefore, in a policy perspective, we believe that relational red flags (or risk factors) should play a more central role. A focus on harassment could be valuable in the development of an early intervention strategy.
dc.description.sponsorshipLeverhulme Trust (Research Grant RPG-2018-119
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.rightsAll Rights Reserved
dc.rights.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
dc.titleWhen Things Turn Sour: A Network Event Study of Organized Crime Violence
dc.typeArticle
dc.publisher.departmentInstitute of Criminology
dc.date.updated2021-12-03T15:28:02Z
prism.publicationNameJournal of Quantitative Criminology
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.78762
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-11-29
rioxxterms.versionAM
dc.contributor.orcidCampana, Paolo [0000-0003-2448-9130]
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idLeverhulme Trust (RPG-2018-119)
cam.orpheus.counter6*
cam.depositDate2021-12-03
pubs.licence-identifierapollo-deposit-licence-2-1
pubs.licence-display-nameApollo Repository Deposit Licence Agreement
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2024-12-09


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