Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorWiseman, Ashleigh
dc.contributor.authorDe Groote, Isabelle
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-15T15:15:12Z
dc.date.available2021-12-15T15:15:12Z
dc.date.issued2022-07
dc.date.submitted2021-09-21
dc.identifier.issn1932-8486
dc.identifier.otherar24833
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/331518
dc.descriptionFunder: Liverpool John Moores University; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004144
dc.description.abstractEstimation of stature from footprint lengths is a common prediction in forensic cases and in paleoanthropology upon the discovery of fossil footprints. Many studies, which have estimated stature from footprints, generally use a "one-size-fits-all" approach that usually involves applying a known ratio of foot length to total stature to do so, although this method has fallen out of practice in forensic cases in recent years but is still commonly used for fossil trace evidence. Yet, we know that substrate and speed can change the dimensions of a footprint, so why are these "one-size-fits-all" approaches still used today? We tested footprint production across different substrates at a walk, a fast walk, and a jog. We calculated how accurately footprint dimensions were impressed between these different conditions and identified sources of error in footprint lengths, and the percentage changes of how significantly a footprint can change in length between different conditions. We provide a table with different ratios that we encourage practitioners/field scientists to refer to and use when estimating stature from footprints, with respect to the substrate on which the footprint was created and the speed at which it was created. We actively encourage researchers to add the ratios by testing more substrates so that in the future stature can be more accurately estimated, thus aiding the paleoanthropological community, but also forensic investigations by statistically highlighting how different conditions can affect trace dimensions.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherWiley
dc.subjectFull Length Article
dc.subjectFull Length Articles
dc.subjectfootprints
dc.subjectichnology
dc.subjectstature
dc.titleOne size fits all? Stature estimation from footprints and the effect of substrate and speed on footprint creation.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2021-12-15T15:15:11Z
prism.publicationNameAnat Rec (Hoboken)
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.78972
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-10-29
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1002/ar.24833
rioxxterms.versionAO
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidWiseman, Ashleigh [0000-0002-9575-4387]
dc.contributor.orcidDe Groote, Isabelle [0000-0002-9860-0180]
dc.identifier.eissn1932-8494
cam.issuedOnline2021-12-02


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record