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dc.contributor.authorCave, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorDihal, Kanta
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-24T14:39:12Z
dc.date.available2021-12-24T14:39:12Z
dc.date.issued2021-12
dc.date.submitted2021-09-26
dc.identifier.issn2210-5433
dc.identifier.others13347-021-00486-z
dc.identifier.other486
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/331824
dc.descriptionFunder: DeepMind
dc.descriptionFunder: Templeton World Charity Foundation; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100011730
dc.description.abstract<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>This commentary is a response to ‘More than Skin Deep’ by Shelley M. Park (Park, More than skin deep: A response to “The Whiteness of AI”, Philosophy &amp; Technology, 2021), and a development of our own 2020 paper ‘The Whiteness of AI’. We aim to explain how representations of AI can be varied in one sense, whilst not being diverse. We argue that Whiteness’s claim to universal humanity permits a broad range of roles to White humans and White-presenting machines, whilst assigning a much narrower range of stereotypical roles to people of colour. Because the attributes of AI in the popular imagination, such as intelligence, power and passing as human, are associated by the White racial frame with Whiteness, AI is cast predominantly as White. Following Sparrow (Science, Technology, &amp; Human Values 45:538–560, 2020), we suggest this presents a dilemma for those creating or representing AI. We discuss three possible solutions: avoiding anthropomorphisation, explicitly critiquing racial role-typing, and representing powerful AI as non-White.</jats:p>
dc.languageen
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.subjectResearch Article
dc.subjectArtificial intelligence
dc.subjectRobots
dc.subjectCritical race studies
dc.subjectRacialisation
dc.subjectAnthropomorphism
dc.subjectWhiteness
dc.titleRace and AI: the Diversity Dilemma
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2021-12-24T14:39:12Z
prism.endingPage1779
prism.issueIdentifier4
prism.publicationNamePhilosophy and Technology
prism.startingPage1775
prism.volume34
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.79273
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-09-27
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1007/s13347-021-00486-z
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidCave, Stephen [0000-0002-0764-0874]
dc.contributor.orcidDihal, Kanta [0000-0003-2292-7221]
dc.identifier.eissn2210-5441
dc.publisher.urlhttps://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s13347-021-00486-z.pdf
pubs.funder-project-idTempleton World Charity Foundation (TWCF) (TWCF0335)
cam.issuedOnline2021-10-08


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