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dc.contributor.authorKnight, Jessica K
dc.contributor.authorSalali, Gul Deniz
dc.contributor.authorSikka, Gaurav
dc.contributor.authorDerkx, Inez
dc.contributor.authorKeestra, Sarai M
dc.contributor.authorChaudhary, Nikhil
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-06T11:52:14Z
dc.date.available2022-01-06T11:52:14Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.otherPMC8550590
dc.identifier.other34705859
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/332180
dc.description.abstractEthnographers frequently allude to alcoholism and related harms in Indigenous hunter-gatherer communities, but very few studies have quantified patterns of alcohol consumption or its health and social impacts. We present a case study of the Mbendjele BaYaka, a Congolese population undergoing socioeconomic transition. 83 adults answered questions about their frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption, underwent biometric measurements and reported whether they were currently experiencing a cough or diarrhoea; 56 participated in structured interviews about their experiences with alcohol. Based on WHO standards, we found 44.3% of the full sample, and 51.5% of drinkers (excluding abstainers), had a hazardous volume of alcohol consumption; and 35.1% of the full sample, and 40.9% of drinkers, engaged in heavy episodic drinking; consumption habits varied with sex and age. Total weekly consumption was a positive predictor of blood pressure and the likelihood of experiencing diarrhoea; associations with other biometric variables were not statistically significant. Interview responses indicated numerous other economic, mental and physical health harms of alcohol use, the prevalence of which demonstrate some variability between forest camps and permanent village settlements. These include high rates of drinking during pregnancy and breastfeeding (~40%); frequent alcohol-induced violence; and considerable exchange of foraged foods and engagement in exploitative labour activities to acquire alcohol or repay associated debts. Our findings demonstrate the prevalence of hazardous alcohol consumption among transitioning hunter-gatherers is higher than other segments of the Congolese population and indicate negative impacts on health and wellbeing, highlighting an urgent need for targeted public health interventions.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceessn: 1932-6203
dc.sourcenlmid: 101285081
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectAlcoholism
dc.subjectPrevalence
dc.subjectRisk Factors
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.subjectMale
dc.titleQuantifying patterns of alcohol consumption and its effects on health and wellbeing among BaYaka hunter-gatherers: A mixed-methods cross-sectional study.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-01-06T11:52:14Z
prism.issueIdentifier10
prism.publicationNamePLoS One
prism.volume16
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.79626
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-09-24
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1371/journal.pone.0258384
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidKnight, Jessica K [0000-0003-4440-0850]
dc.contributor.orcidKeestra, Sarai M [0000-0002-6368-0977]
dc.contributor.orcidChaudhary, Nikhil [0000-0001-7528-8529]
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203
cam.issuedOnline2021-10-27


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International