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dc.contributor.authorKidger, Judi
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorHollingworth, William
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Rhiannon
dc.contributor.authorBell, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorBrockman, Rowan
dc.contributor.authorCopeland, Lauren
dc.contributor.authorFisher, Harriet
dc.contributor.authorHarding, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorPowell, Jillian
dc.contributor.authorAraya, Ricardo
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, Rona
dc.contributor.authorFord, Tamsin Jane
dc.contributor.authorGunnell, David
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Simon
dc.contributor.authorMorris, Richard
dc.descriptionFunder: Public Health Wales
dc.descriptionFunder: Bristol City Council
dc.descriptionFunder: Public Health England
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Teachers are at heightened risk of poor mental health and well-being, which is likely to impact on the support they provide to students, and student outcomes. We conducted a cluster randomised controlled trial, to test whether an intervention to improve mental health support and training for high school teachers led to improved mental health and well-being for teachers and students, compared to usual practice. We also conducted a cost evaluation of the intervention. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The intervention comprised (i) Mental Health First Aid training for teachers to support students; (ii) a mental health awareness session; and (iii) a confidential staff peer support service. In total 25 mainstream, non-fee-paying secondary schools stratified by geographical area and free school meal entitlement were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 12) or control group (n = 13) after collection of baseline measures. We analysed data using mixed-effects repeated measures models in the intention-to-treat population, adjusted for stratification variables, sex, and years of experience. The primary outcome was teacher well-being (Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale). Secondary outcomes were teacher depression, absence, and presenteeism, and student well-being, mental health difficulties, attendance, and attainment. Follow-up was at months 12 (T1) and 24 (T2). We collected process data to test the logic model underpinning the intervention, to aid interpretation of the findings. A total of 1,722 teachers were included in the primary analysis. Teacher well-being did not differ between groups at T2 (intervention mean well-being score 47.5, control group mean well-being score 48.4, adjusted mean difference -0.90, 95% CI -2.07 to 0.27, p = 0.130). The only effect on secondary outcomes was higher teacher-reported absence among the intervention group at T2 (intervention group median number of days absent 0, control group median number of days absent 0, ratio of geometric means 1.04, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.09, p = 0.042). Process measures indicated little change in perceived mental health support, quality of relationships, and work-related stress. The average cost of the intervention was £9,103 per school. The study's main limitations were a lack of blinding of research participants and the self-report nature of the outcome measures. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we observed no improvements to teacher or student mental health following the intervention, possibly due to a lack of impact on key drivers of poor mental health within the school environment. Future research should focus on structural and cultural changes to the school environment, which may be more effective at improving teacher and student mental health and well-being. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN95909211.
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.sourceessn: 1549-1676
dc.sourcenlmid: 101231360
dc.subjectCluster Analysis
dc.subjectMental Health
dc.subjectTime Factors
dc.subjectUnited Kingdom
dc.subjectSchool Teachers
dc.subjectPsychosocial Support Systems
dc.subjectOutcome Assessment, Health Care
dc.titleAn intervention to improve teacher well-being support and training to support students in UK high schools (the WISE study): A cluster randomised controlled trial.
prism.publicationNamePLoS Med
dc.contributor.orcidKidger, Judi [0000-0002-1054-6758]
dc.contributor.orcidTurner, Nicholas [0000-0003-1591-6997]
dc.contributor.orcidHollingworth, William [0000-0002-0840-6254]
dc.contributor.orcidBell, Sarah [0000-0003-1181-9591]
dc.contributor.orcidCopeland, Lauren [0000-0003-0387-9607]
dc.contributor.orcidPowell, Jillian [0000-0002-1538-9405]
dc.contributor.orcidFord, Tamsin Jane [0000-0001-5295-4904]
dc.contributor.orcidGunnell, David [0000-0002-0829-6470]
dc.contributor.orcidMurphy, Simon [0000-0003-3589-3681]
dc.contributor.orcidMorris, Richard [0000-0001-7240-4563]
pubs.funder-project-idNational Institute for Health Research (NIHR) (13/164/06)

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