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dc.contributor.authorTilby, Emily
dc.contributor.authorMiracle, Preston
dc.contributor.authorBarker, Graeme
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-15T00:30:36Z
dc.date.available2022-01-15T00:30:36Z
dc.date.issued2022-01-10
dc.identifier.issn2571-550X
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/332730
dc.description.abstract<jats:p>Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan, is one of the most important Palaeolithic sites in Southwest Asia. This is due to the long sequence of hominin occupation of the cave and the discovery of multiple Neanderthal individuals from the original Solecki excavations (1951–1960) and recent excavations (2014 to present). Preliminary taphonomic analyses of the microvertebrate assemblage were undertaken to understand the factors affecting assemblage formation and accumulation, and this paper presents the first results of these analyses. All contexts display a high proportion of fragmentation, with a slight decrease in breakage towards the base of the sequence. Black staining and root etching were observed in a similar pattern, present in most contexts but with an increase in the lower levels. A significant proportion of the microvertebrate remains examined displayed light traces of digestion, indicating some contribution to the assemblage by predators. The results are consistent with wider palaeoecological records that indicate relatively warm, wet conditions at the base of the sequence and cooler, drier conditions at the top.</jats:p>
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleThe Microvertebrates of Shanidar Cave: Preliminary Taphonomic Findings
dc.typeArticle
dc.publisher.departmentArchaeology Section Student
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Archaeology
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Archaeology And Anthropology
dc.date.updated2022-01-13T12:42:55Z
prism.endingPage4
prism.issueIdentifier1
prism.publicationNameQuaternary
prism.startingPage4
prism.volume5
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.80171
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-01-04
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3390/quat5010004
rioxxterms.versionVoR
dc.contributor.orcidTilby, Emily [0000-0002-9735-7510]
dc.contributor.orcidMiracle, Preston [0000-0001-9738-2807]
dc.contributor.orcidBarker, Graeme [0000-0002-2678-4283]
dc.identifier.eissn2571-550X
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
pubs.funder-project-idNERC (NE/L002507/1)
pubs.funder-project-idNERC (1946940)
pubs.funder-project-idNatural Environment Research Council (1946940)
cam.issuedOnline2022-01-10
cam.depositDate2022-01-13
pubs.licence-identifierapollo-deposit-licence-2-1
pubs.licence-display-nameApollo Repository Deposit Licence Agreement


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International