Accessible Region Conformation Capture (ARC-C) gives high-resolution insights into genome architecture and regulation.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
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Huang, N., Seow, W. Q., Appert, A., Dong, Y., Stempor, P., & Ahringer, J. (2022). Accessible Region Conformation Capture (ARC-C) gives high-resolution insights into genome architecture and regulation.. Genome Res, gr.275669.121-gr.275669.121. https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.275669.121
Nuclear organization and chromatin interactions are important for genome function, yet determining chromatin connections at high resolution remains a major challenge. To address this, we developed Accessible Region Conformation Capture (ARC-C), which profiles interactions between regulatory elements genome-wide without a capture step. Applied to Caenorhabditis elegans, ARC-C identifies approximately 15,000 significant interactions between regulatory elements at 500-bp resolution. Of 105 TFs or chromatin regulators tested, we find that the binding sites of 60 are enriched for interacting with each other, making them candidates for mediating interactions. These include cohesin and condensin II. Applying ARC-C to a mutant of transcription factor BLMP-1 detected changes in interactions between its targets. ARC-C simultaneously profiles domain-level architecture, and we observe that C. elegans chromatin domains defined by either active or repressive modifications form topologically associating domains (TADs) that interact with A/B (active/inactive) compartment-like structure. Furthermore, we discover that inactive compartment interactions are dependent on H3K9 methylation. ARC-C is a powerful new tool to interrogate genome architecture and regulatory interactions at high resolution.
Wellcome Trust (101863/Z/13/Z)
Wellcome Trust (203144/Z/16/Z)
Wellcome Trust (092096/Z/10/Z)
Cancer Research Uk (None)
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.275669.121
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/332815
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/