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dc.contributor.authorTilby, E
dc.contributor.authorMiracle, P
dc.contributor.authorBarker, G
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-28T14:38:07Z
dc.date.available2022-01-28T14:38:07Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.issn2571-550X
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/332992
dc.description.abstract<jats:p>Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan, is one of the most important Palaeolithic sites in Southwest Asia. This is due to the long sequence of hominin occupation of the cave and the discovery of multiple Neanderthal individuals from the original Solecki excavations (1951–1960) and recent excavations (2014 to present). Preliminary taphonomic analyses of the microvertebrate assemblage were undertaken to understand the factors affecting assemblage formation and accumulation, and this paper presents the first results of these analyses. All contexts display a high proportion of fragmentation, with a slight decrease in breakage towards the base of the sequence. Black staining and root etching were observed in a similar pattern, present in most contexts but with an increase in the lower levels. A significant proportion of the microvertebrate remains examined displayed light traces of digestion, indicating some contribution to the assemblage by predators. The results are consistent with wider palaeoecological records that indicate relatively warm, wet conditions at the base of the sequence and cooler, drier conditions at the top.</jats:p>
dc.languageen
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.subjectmicrovertebrates
dc.subjecttaphonomy
dc.subjectpalaeoecology
dc.subjectShanidar Cave
dc.titleThe Microvertebrates of Shanidar Cave: Preliminary Taphonomic Findings
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-01-28T14:38:07Z
prism.issueIdentifier1
prism.publicationNameQuaternary
prism.volume5
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.80416
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-01-04
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3390/quat5010004
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidTilby, Emily [0000-0002-9735-7510]
dc.contributor.orcidMiracle, Preston [0000-0001-9738-2807]
dc.contributor.orcidBarker, Graeme [0000-0002-2678-4283]
dc.identifier.eissn2571-550X
pubs.funder-project-idNERC (NE/L002507/1)
pubs.funder-project-idNERC (1946940)
pubs.funder-project-idNatural Environment Research Council (1946940)
cam.issuedOnline2022-01-10


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