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dc.contributor.authorLiang, Shikang
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Sherine E
dc.contributor.authorChaplin, Amanda K
dc.contributor.authorHardwick, Steven W
dc.contributor.authorChirgadze, Dimitri Y
dc.contributor.authorBlundell, Tom L
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-28T16:49:37Z
dc.date.available2022-01-28T16:49:37Z
dc.date.issued2022-01
dc.date.submitted2021-06-02
dc.identifier.issn0028-0836
dc.identifier.others41586-021-04274-9
dc.identifier.other4274
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/333353
dc.description.abstractThe DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) has a central role in non-homologous end joining, one of the two main pathways that detect and repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in humans1,2. DNA-PKcs is of great importance in repairing pathological DSBs, making DNA-PKcs inhibitors attractive therapeutic agents for cancer in combination with DSB-inducing radiotherapy and chemotherapy3. Many of the selective inhibitors of DNA-PKcs that have been developed exhibit potential as treatment for various cancers4. Here we report cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structures of human DNA-PKcs natively purified from HeLa cell nuclear extracts, in complex with adenosine-5'-(γ-thio)-triphosphate (ATPγS) and four inhibitors (wortmannin, NU7441, AZD7648 and M3814), including drug candidates undergoing clinical trials. The structures reveal molecular details of ATP binding at the active site before catalysis and provide insights into the modes of action and specificities of the competitive inhibitors. Of note, binding of the ligands causes movement of the PIKK regulatory domain (PRD), revealing a connection between the p-loop and PRD conformations. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay and cryo-EM studies on the DNA-dependent protein kinase holoenzyme further show that ligand binding does not have a negative allosteric or inhibitory effect on assembly of the holoenzyme complex and that inhibitors function through direct competition with ATP. Overall, the structures described in this study should greatly assist future efforts in rational drug design targeting DNA-PKcs, demonstrating the potential of cryo-EM in structure-guided drug development for large and challenging targets.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.subjectArticle
dc.subject/631/45/535/1258/1259
dc.subject/631/67/1059/153
dc.subject/631/92/275
dc.subject/631/92/613
dc.subject/101
dc.subject/101/28
dc.subject/82/16
dc.subject/119/118
dc.subject/139
dc.subjectarticle
dc.titleStructural insights into inhibitor regulation of the DNA repair protein DNA-PKcs.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-01-28T16:49:36Z
prism.endingPage648
prism.issueIdentifier7894
prism.publicationNameNature
prism.startingPage643
prism.volume601
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.80776
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-11-19
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1038/s41586-021-04274-9
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidLiang, Shikang [0000-0002-6930-7882]
dc.contributor.orcidHardwick, Steven W [0000-0001-9246-1864]
dc.contributor.orcidChirgadze, Dimitri Y [0000-0001-9942-0993]
dc.contributor.orcidBlundell, Tom L [0000-0002-2708-8992]
dc.identifier.eissn1476-4687
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (200814/Z/16/Z)
cam.issuedOnline2022-01-05


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