Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorWidrig, K
dc.contributor.authorField, DJ
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-02T23:22:36Z
dc.date.available2022-02-02T23:22:36Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.issn1424-2818
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/333571
dc.description.abstract<jats:p>The extant diversity of the avian clade Palaeognathae is composed of the iconic flightless ratites (ostriches, rheas, kiwi, emus, and cassowaries), and the volant tinamous of Central and South America. Palaeognaths were once considered a classic illustration of diversification driven by Gondwanan vicariance, but this paradigm has been rejected in light of molecular phylogenetic and divergence time results from the last two decades that indicate that palaeognaths underwent multiple relatively recent transitions to flightlessness and large body size, reinvigorating research into their evolutionary origins and historical biogeography. This revised perspective on palaeognath macroevolution has highlighted lingering gaps in our understanding of how, when, and where extant palaeognath diversity arose. Towards resolving those questions, we aim to comprehensively review the known fossil record of palaeognath skeletal remains, and to summarize the current state of knowledge of their evolutionary history. Total clade palaeognaths appear to be one of a small handful of crown bird lineages that crossed the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary, but gaps in their Paleogene fossil record and a lack of Cretaceous fossils preclude a detailed understanding of their multiple transitions to flightlessness and large body size, and recognizable members of extant subclades generally do not appear until the Neogene. Despite these knowledge gaps, we combine what is known from the fossil record of palaeognaths with plausible divergence time estimates, suggesting a relatively rapid pace of diversification and phenotypic evolution in the early Cenozoic. In line with some recent authors, we surmise that the most recent common ancestor of palaeognaths was likely a relatively small-bodied, ground-feeding bird, features that may have facilitated total-clade palaeognath survivorship through the K-Pg mass extinction, and which may bear on the ecological habits of the ancestral crown bird.</jats:p>
dc.languageen
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.subjectPalaeognathae
dc.subjectostrich
dc.subjecttinamou
dc.subjectratite
dc.subjectemu
dc.subjectkiwi
dc.subjectmoa
dc.subjectelephant bird
dc.subjectrhea
dc.subjectLithornithidae
dc.titleThe Evolution and Fossil Record of Palaeognathous Birds (Neornithes: Palaeognathae)
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-02-02T23:22:35Z
prism.issueIdentifier2
prism.publicationNameDiversity
prism.volume14
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.80988
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-01-27
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3390/d14020105
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidField, Daniel Jared [0000-0002-1786-0352]
dc.identifier.eissn1424-2818
pubs.funder-project-idUK Research and Innovation (MR/S032177/1)
cam.issuedOnline2022-02-01


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record