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dc.contributor.authorPicin, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorHajdinjak, Mateja
dc.contributor.authorNowaczewska, Wioletta
dc.contributor.authorBenazzi, Stefano
dc.contributor.authorUrbanowski, Mikołaj
dc.contributor.authorMarciszak, Adrian
dc.contributor.authorFewlass, Helen
dc.contributor.authorBosch, Marjolein D
dc.contributor.authorSocha, Paweł
dc.contributor.authorStefaniak, Krzysztof
dc.contributor.authorŻarski, Marcin
dc.contributor.authorWiśniewski, Andrzej
dc.contributor.authorHublin, Jean-Jacques
dc.contributor.authorNadachowski, Adam
dc.contributor.authorTalamo, Sahra
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-08T16:14:58Z
dc.date.available2022-03-08T16:14:58Z
dc.date.issued2020-09-08
dc.date.submitted2020-06-08
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.others41598-020-71504-x
dc.identifier.other71504
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/334772
dc.description.abstractThe Micoquian is the broadest and longest enduring cultural facies of the Late Middle Palaeolithic that spread across the periglacial and boreal environments of Europe between Eastern France, Poland, and Northern Caucasus. Here, we present new data from the archaeological record of Stajnia Cave (Poland) and the paleogenetic analysis of a Neanderthal molar S5000, found in a Micoquian context. Our results demonstrate that the mtDNA genome of Stajnia S5000 dates to MIS 5a making the tooth the oldest Neanderthal specimen from Central-Eastern Europe. Furthermore, S5000 mtDNA has the fewest number of differences to mtDNA of Mezmaiskaya 1 Neanderthal from Northern Caucasus, and is more distant from almost contemporaneous Neanderthals of Scladina and Hohlenstein-Stadel. This observation and the technological affinity between Poland and the Northern Caucasus could be the result of increased mobility of Neanderthals that changed their subsistence strategy for coping with the new low biomass environments and the increased foraging radius of gregarious animals. The Prut and Dniester rivers were probably used as the main corridors of dispersal. The persistence of the Micoquian techno-complex in South-Eastern Europe infers that this axis of mobility was also used at the beginning of MIS 3 when a Neanderthal population turnover occurred in the Northern Caucasus.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.subjectArticle
dc.subject/631/181/27
dc.subject/631/181/2474
dc.subject/631/181/414
dc.subjectarticle
dc.titleNew perspectives on Neanderthal dispersal and turnover from Stajnia Cave (Poland).
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-03-08T16:14:57Z
prism.issueIdentifier1
prism.publicationNameSci Rep
prism.volume10
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.82202
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-08-17
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1038/s41598-020-71504-x
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidPicin, Andrea [0000-0002-8831-8325]
dc.contributor.orcidNowaczewska, Wioletta [0000-0003-1907-554X]
dc.contributor.orcidBenazzi, Stefano [0000-0003-4305-6920]
dc.contributor.orcidFewlass, Helen [0000-0002-9093-3490]
dc.contributor.orcidBosch, Marjolein D [0000-0002-2829-3832]
dc.contributor.orcidSocha, Paweł [0000-0002-6405-6201]
dc.contributor.orcidStefaniak, Krzysztof [0000-0002-4116-7275]
dc.contributor.orcidŻarski, Marcin [0000-0002-0699-6561]
dc.contributor.orcidWiśniewski, Andrzej [0000-0003-1379-333X]
dc.contributor.orcidNadachowski, Adam [0000-0001-6452-3028]
dc.contributor.orcidTalamo, Sahra [0000-0002-2406-3132]
dc.identifier.eissn2045-2322
cam.issuedOnline2020-09-08


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