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dc.contributor.authorSlavny‐Cross, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorAllison, Carrie
dc.contributor.authorGriffiths, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorBaron‐Cohen, Simon
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-15T03:30:16Z
dc.date.available2022-03-15T03:30:16Z
dc.date.issued2022-05
dc.date.submitted2021-07-05
dc.identifier.issn1939-3792
dc.identifier.otheraur2690
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/334998
dc.descriptionFunder: European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme
dc.descriptionFunder: EFPIA; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100013322
dc.descriptionFunder: AUTISM SPEAKS; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000073
dc.descriptionFunder: Autistica; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100011706
dc.descriptionFunder: SFARI; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100014370
dc.descriptionFunder: Templeton World Charitable Fund
dc.descriptionFunder: MRC
dc.descriptionFunder: NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100018956
dc.descriptionFunder: National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Applied Research Collaboration East of England
dc.description.abstractAbstract: We investigate whether autistic people's vulnerability is taken into account at each stage of the criminal justice system (CJS). Defense lawyers from 12 nations were included in the study although the sample was predominantly from the UK. Lawyers completed an online survey regarding one case in which they had defended an autistic client between January 2015 and January 2020; and on one case in which they had defended a nonautistic client charged with a similar offense, to provide a comparison group. Ninety‐three lawyers (85% in the UK) reported on one autistic case, and 53 also reported on one nonautistic case. 75% of autistic clients were not given reasonable adjustments during the process. Only 43% were offered an appropriate adult during police investigations, even though they had an existing diagnosis of autism. 59% of prosecution barristers and 46% of judges said or did something during the trial that made the lawyers concerned that they did not have an adequate understanding of autism. Lawyers were 7.58 times more likely to be concerned about their autistic client's effective participation in court and were 3.83 times more likely to be concerned that their autistic clients would engage in self‐harm, compared with their nonautistic clients. There is a failure to identify and address autistic peoples' disability within the CJS. There is a need for mandatory autism training for police officers and the judiciary, with a focus on identifying autism and understanding the needs of autistic people so that reasonable adjustments are offered in all cases. Lay Summary: This study sought to investigate if the needs of autistic people are being overlooked by the police and other professionals within the CJS. Results show that autistic people are not always given the support they need during police questioning or in court. The experience of being involved with the police may also have a more negative impact on autistic peoples' mental health than that of nonautistic people.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherWiley
dc.subjectRESEARCH ARTICLE
dc.subjectRESEARCH ARTICLES
dc.subjectautism
dc.subjectcriminal justice
dc.subjectmitigation
dc.subjectoffending
dc.subjectreasonable adjustments
dc.titleAutism and the criminal justice system: An analysis of 93 cases
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-03-15T03:30:16Z
prism.publicationNameAutism Research
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.82436
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-02-09
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1002/aur.2690
rioxxterms.versionAO
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidSlavny‐Cross, Rachel [0000-0003-4648-6619]
dc.contributor.orcidAllison, Carrie [0000-0003-2272-2090]
dc.contributor.orcidGriffiths, Sarah [0000-0002-0720-4511]
dc.contributor.orcidBaron‐Cohen, Simon [0000-0001-9217-2544]
dc.identifier.eissn1939-3806
pubs.funder-project-idAutism Centre of Excellence (ACE) (RG93227)
pubs.funder-project-idSBC was also supported by Wellcome Trust (214322\Z\18\Z)
pubs.funder-project-idthe Innovative Medicines Initiative 2 Joint Undertaking (777394 for the project AIMS‐2‐TRIALS)
cam.issuedOnline2022-03-14


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