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dc.contributor.authorConson, Massimiliano
dc.contributor.authorSenese, Vincenzo Paolo
dc.contributor.authorZappullo, Isa
dc.contributor.authorBaiano, Chiara
dc.contributor.authorWarrier, Varun
dc.contributor.authorBarone, Angelo
dc.contributor.authorCecere, Roberta
dc.contributor.authorCisone, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorCerrone, Roberta
dc.contributor.authorCrocetto, Ylenia
dc.contributor.authorDell’Aversana, Lea
dc.contributor.authorCurti, Alessia Delle
dc.contributor.authorFontana, Alessandro
dc.contributor.authorFusotto, Concetta
dc.contributor.authorMautone, Giusi
dc.contributor.authorMontuori, Generosa
dc.contributor.authorPositano, Monica
dc.contributor.authorRaimo, Gennaro
dc.contributor.authorRaiola, Annamaria
dc.contributor.authorRusso, Maria
dc.contributor.authorSacco, Federica
dc.contributor.authorSarno, Maria
dc.contributor.authorSepe, Angela
dc.contributor.authorTroise, Alessandro
dc.contributor.authorRaimo, Simona
dc.contributor.authorRauso, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorSalzano, Sara
dc.contributor.authorBaron-Cohen, Simon
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-18T16:03:49Z
dc.date.available2022-03-18T16:03:49Z
dc.date.issued2022-12
dc.date.submitted2021-05-08
dc.identifier.others41598-022-08497-2
dc.identifier.other8497
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/335169
dc.descriptionFunder: Autism Research Trust
dc.descriptionFunder: Templeton World Charitable Fund
dc.descriptionFunder: NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research Centre; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100018956
dc.descriptionFunder: National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research
dc.descriptionFunder: Care East of England at Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust
dc.description.abstract<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Recent data has revealed dissociations between social and non-social skills in both autistic and neurotypical populations. In the present study, we investigated whether specific visuospatial abilities, such as figure disembedding and mental rotation, are differently related to social and non-social autistic traits, in neurotypical women and men. University students (N = 426) completed the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ), figure disembedding and mental rotation of two-dimensional figures tasks. AQ social skills (AQ-social) and attention-to-details (AQ-attention) subscales were used as measures of social and non-social autistic traits, respectively. Mental rotation was affected by a significant interaction between sex, social and non-social traits. When non-social traits were above the mean (+ 1 SD), no sex differences in mental rotation were found. Instead, below this value, sex differences depended on the social traits, with men on average outperforming women at middle-to-high social traits, and with a comparable performance, and with women on average outperforming men, at lower social traits. A small positive correlation between figure disembedding and social traits was observed in the overall sample. These results are interpreted in terms of the hyper-systemizing theory of autism and contribute to the evidence of individual differences in the cognitive style of autistic people and neurotypical people with autistic traits.</jats:p>
dc.languageen
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.subjectArticle
dc.subject/631/477
dc.subject/631/477/2811
dc.subjectarticle
dc.titleThe effect of autistic traits on disembedding and mental rotation in neurotypical women and men
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-03-18T16:03:48Z
prism.issueIdentifier1
prism.publicationNameScientific Reports
prism.volume12
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.82599
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-02-15
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1038/s41598-022-08497-2
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidBaron-Cohen, Simon [0000-0001-9217-2544]
dc.identifier.eissn2045-2322
pubs.funder-project-idWellcome Trust (214322\Z\18\Z)
pubs.funder-project-idInnovative Medicines Initiative (777394)
cam.issuedOnline2022-03-17


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