Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorRujeedawa, Tanzil
dc.contributor.authorZaman, Shahid
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-19T02:07:05Z
dc.date.available2022-03-19T02:07:05Z
dc.date.issued2022-01-25
dc.identifier.issn1661-7827
dc.identifier.other35162336
dc.identifier.otherPMC8835194
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/335221
dc.description.abstractWe review the reasons for the greater male predominance in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in the non-intellectual disabled population and compare it to autism diagnosed in intellectually disabled individuals. Accurate and timely diagnosis is important, as it reduces health inequalities. Females often present later for the diagnosis. The differences are in core features, such as in social reciprocal interaction through 'camouflaging' and restricted repetitive behaviours, that are less noticeable in females and are potentially explained by the biological differences (female protective effect theory) and/or differences in presentation between the two sexes (female autism phenotype theory). Females more often present with internalising co-occurring conditions than males. We review these theories, highlighting the key differences and the impact of a diagnosis on females. We review methods to potentially improve diagnosis in females along with current and future management strategies.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceessn: 1660-4601
dc.sourcenlmid: 101238455
dc.subjectFemale
dc.subjectAutism
dc.subjectIntellectual Disability
dc.subjectHumans
dc.subjectAutistic Disorder
dc.subjectMale
dc.subjectAutism Spectrum Disorder
dc.titleThe Diagnosis and Management of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Adult Females in the Presence or Absence of an Intellectual Disability.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-03-19T02:07:04Z
prism.issueIdentifier3
prism.publicationNameInt J Environ Res Public Health
prism.volume19
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.82651
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-01-20
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.3390/ijerph19031315
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidRujeedawa, Tanzil [0000-0002-7089-1684]
dc.contributor.orcidZaman, Shahid [0000-0003-1639-6014]
dc.identifier.eissn1660-4601
cam.issuedOnline2022-01-25


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International