Evolution of the recombination regulator PRDM9 in minke whales.
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
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Damm, E., Ullrich, K. K., Amos, W. B., & Odenthal-Hesse, L. (2022). Evolution of the recombination regulator PRDM9 in minke whales.. BMC Genomics, 23 (1) https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-022-08305-1
Funder: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V.
BACKGROUND: PRDM9 is a key regulator of meiotic recombination in most metazoans, responsible for reshuffling parental genomes. During meiosis, the PRDM9 protein recognizes and binds specific target motifs via its array of C2H2 zinc-fingers encoded by a rapidly evolving minisatellite. The gene coding for PRDM9 is the only speciation gene identified in vertebrates to date and shows high variation, particularly in the DNA-recognizing positions of the zinc-finger array, within and between species. Across all vertebrate genomes studied for PRDM9 evolution, only one genome lacks variability between repeat types - that of the North Pacific minke whale. This study aims to understand the evolution and diversity of Prdm9 in minke whales, which display the most unusual genome reference allele of Prdm9 so far discovered in mammals. RESULTS: Minke whales possess all the features characteristic of PRDM9-directed recombination, including complete KRAB, SSXRD and SET domains and a rapidly evolving array of C2H2-type-Zincfingers (ZnF) with evidence of rapid evolution, particularly at DNA-recognizing positions that evolve under positive diversifying selection. Seventeen novel PRDM9 variants were identified within the Antarctic minke whale species, plus a single distinct PRDM9 variant in Common minke whales - shared across North Atlantic and North Pacific minke whale subspecies boundaries. CONCLUSION: The PRDM9 ZnF array evolves rapidly, in minke whales, with at least one DNA-recognizing position under positive selection. Extensive PRDM9 diversity is observed, particularly in the Antarctic in minke whales. Common minke whales shared a specific Prdm9 allele across subspecies boundaries, suggesting incomplete speciation by the mechanisms associated with PRDM9 hybrid sterility.
mtDNA, Microsatellite loci, Prdm9, Balaenoptera Bonaerensis, Minke Whales, Postzygotic Reproductive Isolation, Balaenoptera Acutorostrata, Meiotic Recombination Regulation, Animals, Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase, Meiosis, Zinc Fingers, Alleles, Minke Whale
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-022-08305-1
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/336156
Attribution 4.0 International
Licence URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/