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dc.contributor.authorBarrett, James H
dc.contributor.authorKhamaiko, Natalia
dc.contributor.authorFerrari, Giada
dc.contributor.authorCuevas, Angélica
dc.contributor.authorKneale, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorHufthammer, Anne Karin
dc.contributor.authorPálsdóttir, Albína Hulda
dc.contributor.authorStar, Bastiaan
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-09T11:04:20Z
dc.date.available2022-05-09T11:04:20Z
dc.date.issued2022-04-06
dc.identifier.issn0962-8452
dc.identifier.other35382600
dc.identifier.otherPMC8984804
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/336903
dc.descriptionFunder: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
dc.description.abstractMediaeval walrus hunting in Iceland and Greenland-driven by Western European demand for ivory and walrus hide ropes-has been identified as an important pre-modern example of ecological globalization. By contrast, the main origin of walrus ivory destined for eastern European markets, and then onward trade to Asia, is assumed to have been Arctic Russia. Here, we investigate the geographical origin of nine twelfth-century CE walrus specimens discovered in Kyiv, Ukraine-combining archaeological typology (based on <i>chaîne opératoire</i> assessment), ancient DNA (aDNA) and stable isotope analysis. We show that five of seven specimens tested using aDNA can be genetically assigned to a western Greenland origin. Moreover, six of the Kyiv rostra had been sculpted in a way typical of Greenlandic imports to Western Europe, and seven are tentatively consistent with a Greenland origin based on stable isotope analysis. Our results suggest that demand for the products of Norse Greenland's walrus hunt stretched not only to Western Europe but included Ukraine and, by implication given linked trade routes, also Russia, Byzantium and Asia. These observations illuminate the surprising scale of mediaeval ecological globalization and help explain the pressure this process exerted on distant wildlife populations and those who harvested them.
dc.languageeng
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourcenlmid: 101245157
dc.sourceessn: 1471-2954
dc.subjectAncient DNA
dc.subjectStable isotopes
dc.subjectHistorical ecology
dc.subjectMiddle Ages
dc.subjectOdobenus Rosmarus Rosmarus
dc.subjectEcological Globalization
dc.subjectAnimals
dc.subjectWalruses
dc.subjectGeography
dc.subjectArchaeology
dc.subjectRussia
dc.subjectDNA, Ancient
dc.titleWalruses on the Dnieper: new evidence for the intercontinental trade of Greenlandic ivory in the Middle Ages.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-05-09T11:04:20Z
prism.issueIdentifier1972
prism.publicationNameProceedings. Biological sciences
prism.volume289
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.84322
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1098/rspb.2021.2773
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.contributor.orcidBarrett, James H [0000-0002-6683-9891]
dc.contributor.orcidKhamaiko, Natalia [0000-0002-7396-0315]
dc.contributor.orcidFerrari, Giada [0000-0002-0850-1518]
dc.contributor.orcidCuevas, Angélica [0000-0003-0862-4582]
dc.contributor.orcidHufthammer, Anne Karin [0000-0002-1570-9667]
dc.contributor.orcidPálsdóttir, Albína Hulda [0000-0002-5290-6862]
dc.contributor.orcidStar, Bastiaan [0000-0003-0235-9810]
pubs.funder-project-idEuropean Research Council (4-OCEANS (grant agreement no. 951649))
pubs.funder-project-idNorges Forskningsråd (Catching the Past (262777))
pubs.funder-project-idLeverhulme Trust (Northern Journeys (MRF-2013-065))


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's licence is described as Attribution 4.0 International