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dc.contributor.authorKohler, Katharina
dc.contributor.authorNwe Myint, Phyu Phyu
dc.contributor.authorWynn, Sein
dc.contributor.authorKomashie, Alexander
dc.contributor.authorWinters, Robyn
dc.contributor.authorThu, Myat
dc.contributor.authorNaing, Mu Mu
dc.contributor.authorHlaing, Thinn
dc.contributor.authorBurnstein, Rowan
dc.contributor.authorWai Soe, Zaw
dc.contributor.authorClarkson, John
dc.contributor.authorMenon, David
dc.contributor.authorHutchinson, Peter
dc.contributor.authorBashford, Tom
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-11T10:02:54Z
dc.date.available2022-05-11T10:02:54Z
dc.date.issued2022-05-09
dc.date.submitted2021-12-09
dc.identifier.issn2044-6055
dc.identifier.otherbmjopen-2021-059935
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/337012
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global health problem, whose management in low-resource settings is hampered by fragile health systems and lack of access to specialist services. Improvement is complex, given the interaction of multiple people, processes and institutions. We aimed to develop a mixed-method approach to understand the TBI pathway based on the lived experience of local people, supported by quantitative methodologies and to determine potential improvement targets. DESIGN: We describe a systems approach based on narrative exploration, participatory diagramming, data collection and discrete event simulation (DES), conducted by an international research collaborative. SETTING: The study is set in the tertiary neurotrauma centre in Yangon General Hospital, Myanmar, in 2019-2020 (prior to the SARS-CoV2 pandemic). PARTICIPANTS: The qualitative work involved 40 workshop participants and 64 interviewees to explore the views of a wide range of stakeholders including staff, patients and relatives. The 1-month retrospective admission snapshot covered 85 surgical neurotrauma admissions. RESULTS: The TBI pathway was outlined, with system boundaries defined around the management of TBI once admitted to the neurosurgical unit. Retrospective data showed 18% mortality, 71% discharge to home and an 11% referral rate. DES was used to investigate the system, showing its vulnerability to small surges in patient numbers, with critical points being CT scanning and observation ward beds. This explorative model indicated that a modest expansion of observation ward beds to 30 would remove the flow-limitations and indicated possible consequences of changes. CONCLUSIONS: A systems approach to improving TBI care in resource-poor settings may be supported by simulation and informed by qualitative work to ground it in the direct experience of those involved. Narrative interviews, participatory diagramming and DES represent one possible suite of methods deliverable within an international partnership. Findings can support targeted improvement investments despite coexisting resource limitations while indicating concomitant risks.
dc.description.sponsorshipNIHR Global Health Research Group on Neurotrauma
dc.languageen
dc.publisherBMJ
dc.subjectGlobal health
dc.subject1506
dc.subject1699
dc.subjecthealth services administration & management
dc.subjectorganisation of health services
dc.subjectneurosurgery
dc.subjectstatistics & research methods
dc.subjecttrauma management
dc.titleSystems approach to improving traumatic brain injury care in Myanmar: a mixed-methods study from lived experience to discrete event simulation.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-05-11T10:02:53Z
prism.issueIdentifier5
prism.publicationNameBMJ Open
prism.volume12
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.84432
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-04-20
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1136/bmjopen-2021-059935
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2022-05-06
dc.contributor.orcidKohler, Katharina [0000-0003-1919-0193]
dc.contributor.orcidMenon, David [0000-0002-3228-9692]
dc.contributor.orcidHutchinson, Peter [0000-0002-2796-1835]
dc.contributor.orcidBashford, Tom [0000-0003-0228-9779]
dc.identifier.eissn2044-6055
pubs.funder-project-idDepartment of Health (via National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)) (16/137/105)
cam.issuedOnline2022-05-09
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2022-05-06
rioxxterms.freetoread.startdate2022-05-06


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