Levels of Self-representation and Their Sociocognitive Correlates in Late-Diagnosed Autistic Adults.
J Autism Dev Disord
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
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Moseley, R., Liu, C., Gregory, N., Smith, P., Baron-Cohen, S., & Sui, J. (2022). Levels of Self-representation and Their Sociocognitive Correlates in Late-Diagnosed Autistic Adults.. J Autism Dev Disord, 52 (7), 3246-3259. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05251-x
The cognitive representation of oneself is central to other sociocognitive processes, including relations with others. It is reflected in faster, more accurate processing of self-relevant information, a "self-prioritisation effect" (SPE) which is inconsistent across studies in autism. Across two tasks with autistic and non-autistic participants, we explored the SPE and its relationship to autistic traits, mentalizing ability and loneliness. A SPE was intact in both groups, but together the two tasks suggested a reduced tendency of late-diagnosed autistic participants to differentiate between familiar and unfamiliar others and greater ease disengaging from the self-concept. Correlations too revealed a complex picture, which we attempt to explore and disentangle with reference to the inconsistency across self-processing studies in autism, highlighting implications for future research.
Original Paper, Self-bias, Self-representation, Social cognition, Mentalizing, Loneliness
External DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05251-x
This record's URL: https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/338480