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dc.contributor.authorChudik, A.
dc.contributor.authorPesaran, M. H.
dc.contributor.authorRebucci, A.
dc.date.accessioned2022-07-05T16:43:12Z
dc.date.available2022-07-05T16:43:12Z
dc.date.issued2022-05-09
dc.identifier.otherCWPE2230
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/338808
dc.description.abstractThis paper provides estimates of COVID-19 effective reproduction numbers and explains their evolution for selected European countries since the start of the pandemic taking account of changes in voluntary and government mandated social distancing, incentives to comply, vaccination and the emergence of new variants. Evidence based on panel data modeling indicates that the diversity of outcomes that we document may have resulted from the non-linear interaction of mandated and voluntary social distancing and the economic incentives that governments provided to support isolation. The importance of these factors declined over time, with vaccine uptake driving heterogeneity in country experiences in 2021. Our approach, also allows us to identify the basic reproduction number, R<sub>0</sub>. It is precisely estimated and differ little across countries.
dc.publisherFaculty of Economics, University of Cambridge
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCambridge Working Papers in Economics
dc.rightsAll Rights Reserved
dc.rights.urihttps://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved/
dc.subjectCOVID-19
dc.subjectmultiplication factor
dc.subjectunder-reporting
dc.subjectsocial distancing
dc.subjectself-isolation
dc.subjectSIR model
dc.subjectreproduction number
dc.subjectpandemics
dc.subjectvaccine
dc.titleSocial Distancing, Vaccination and Evolution of COVID-19 Transmission Rates in Europe
dc.typeWorking Paper
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.86215


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