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dc.contributor.authorAl Taweraqi, Nada
dc.contributor.authorKing, Ross D
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-06T15:01:13Z
dc.date.available2022-08-06T15:01:13Z
dc.date.issued2022-08-06
dc.date.submitted2020-12-23
dc.identifier.citationBMC Bioinformatics, volume 23, issue 1, article-number 323
dc.identifier.issn1471-2105
dc.identifier.others12859-022-04787-8
dc.identifier.other4787
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/339910
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: A key problem in bioinformatics is that of predicting gene expression levels. There are two broad approaches: use of mechanistic models that aim to directly simulate the underlying biology, and use of machine learning (ML) to empirically predict expression levels from descriptors of the experiments. There are advantages and disadvantages to both approaches: mechanistic models more directly reflect the underlying biological causation, but do not directly utilize the available empirical data; while ML methods do not fully utilize existing biological knowledge. RESULTS: Here, we investigate overcoming these disadvantages by integrating mechanistic cell signalling models with ML. Our approach to integration is to augment ML with similarity features (attributes) computed from cell signalling models. Seven sets of different similarity feature were generated using graph theory. Each set of features was in turn used to learn multi-target regression models. All the features have significantly improved accuracy over the baseline model - without the similarity features. Finally, the seven multi-target regression models were stacked together to form an overall prediction model that was significantly better than the baseline on 95% of genes on an independent test set. The similarity features enable this stacking model to provide interpretable knowledge about cancer, e.g. the role of ERBB3 in the MCF7 breast cancer cell line. CONCLUSION: Integrating mechanistic models as graphs helps to both improve the predictive results of machine learning models, and to provide biological knowledge about genes that can help in building state-of-the-art mechanistic models.
dc.languageen
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.subjectResearch
dc.subjectMachine learning
dc.subjectMulti-target regression
dc.subjectGene expression
dc.titleImproved prediction of gene expression through integrating cell signalling models with machine learning.
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2022-08-06T15:01:13Z
prism.publicationNameBMC Bioinformatics
dc.identifier.doi10.17863/CAM.87332
dcterms.dateAccepted2022-04-13
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1186/s12859-022-04787-8
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.identifier.eissn1471-2105
pubs.funder-project-idTaif University (TU326)
cam.issuedOnline2022-08-06


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