The Development of the Japanese Toilet and its Impact
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Macfarlane, A. (2004). The Development of the Japanese Toilet and its Impact [Video file]. http://www.dspace.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/595
The need for human excrement to manure the rice fields in crowded and animal scarce Japan led to the development of the most exquisite toilet system in the world. All human waste was carefully collected and taken out to the fields. This provided a sanitary system which rivalled that in the west until the twentieth century and helped Japan avoid many water-borne and fly-borne diseases.
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