Contact line dynamics of gravity driven spreading of liquids
Abstract: The spreading dynamics of the gravity-driven liquid motion on an inclined solid surface was studied by considering two fundamental physical models: the molecular kinetic theory and the hydrodynamic theory (HDT). The molecular kinetic theory is the most appropriate model to describe the gravity driven spreading mechanism investigated in this study. The gravity driven spreading which is one form of the forced spreading mechanism was compared with the spontaneous spreading for the same liquid/solid system from previous study by Mohammad Karim et al (2016 Langmuir 32 10153). Unlike the gravity driven spreading, the HDT was appropriate model to define the spontaneous spreading. This finding reveals the importance of the mechanism of spreading which are the forced and the spontaneous on the suitability of the physical model such as the molecular kinetic theory and the HDT to describe the spreading dynamics.