Dynamic transcriptional response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells to copper.

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Eraslan, Serpil 
Kirdar, Betul 

Copper is a crucial trace element for all living systems and any deficiency in copper homeostasis leads to the development of severe diseases in humans. The observation of extensive evolutionary conservation in copper homeostatic systems between human and Saccharomyces cerevisiae made this organism a suitable model organism for elucidating molecular mechanisms of copper transport and homeostasis. In this study, the dynamic transcriptional response of both the reference strain and homozygous deletion mutant strain of CCC2, which encodes a Cu2+-transporting P-type ATPase, were investigated following the introduction of copper impulse to reach a copper concentration which was shown to improve the respiration capacity of CCC2 deletion mutants. The analysis of data by using different clustering algorithms revealed significantly affected processes and pathways in response to a switch from copper deficient environment to elevated copper levels. Sulfur compound, methionine and cysteine biosynthetic processes were identified as significantly affected processes for the first time in this study. Stress response, cellular response to DNA damage, iron ion homeostasis, ubiquitin dependent proteolysis, autophagy and regulation of macroautophagy, DNA repair and replication, as well as organization of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV, mitochondrial organization and translation were identified as significantly affected processes in only CCC2 deleted strain. The integration of the transcriptomic data with regulome revealed the differences in the extensive re-wiring of dynamic transcriptional organization and regulation in these strains.

Algorithms, Cluster Analysis, Computational Biology, Copper, Copper Transport Proteins, Endocytosis, Gene Deletion, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Homeostasis, Homozygote, Iron, Mutation, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Phylogeny, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Sulfur, Transcription, Genetic, Ubiquitin
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Springer Science and Business Media LLC