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Characterising policy responses to complex socio-ecological problems: 60 fire management interventions in Indonesian peatlands

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Jefferson, U 
Daeli, W 
Phelps, J 

Abstract

© 2019 Governance of complex socio-ecological problems such as climate change, deforestation, and chronic wildfires is becoming “messier”. Theory and case study evidence suggest that “messy” institutional characteristics like non- government involvement and multi-level decision-making can improve social and environmental outcomes. However, these characteristics still lack systematic documentation, and there have been few efforts to systematically characterize and compare the interventions associated with them. We examined 60 fire management interventions (FMI) undertaken between 1999 and 2016 in response to Indonesia's disastrous peatland fires. We documented their institutional characteristics (i.e., lead sector, multi-level character) and compared their design across institutional types, focusing on design attributes associated with performance such as targeting to high-risk soil types, landholders, and time periods, and the use and design of incentives. We found gaps between scientific recommendations and practice when it came to intervention targeting. However, industry FMI were more likely to employ nuanced targeting among landholders. Government, industry, and civil society adopted differing intervention strategies, including notable differences in the design of incentives. These findings provide the groundwork for research comparing intervention outcomes between institutional types. They also highlight the need for further stock-taking to inform research in these areas.

Description

Keywords

4407 Policy and Administration, 41 Environmental Sciences, 44 Human Society, Behavioral and Social Science, 15 Life on Land

Journal Title

Global Environmental Change

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0959-3780
1872-9495

Volume Title

60

Publisher

Elsevier BV
Sponsorship
UK Department for International Development (Dfid) project: The Political Economy of Fire and Haze in Indonesia (No. 203034) and the Frank Jackson Foundation.