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Non-simple conformal loop ensembles on Liouville quantum gravity and the law of CLE percolation interfaces.

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Miller, Jason 
Sheffield, Scott 
Werner, Wendelin 

Abstract

We study the structure of the Liouville quantum gravity (LQG) surfaces that are cut out as one explores a conformal loop-ensemble CLE κ ' for κ ' in (4, 8) that is drawn on an independent γ -LQG surface for γ 2 = 16 / κ ' . The results are similar in flavor to the ones from our companion paper dealing with CLE κ for κ in (8/3, 4), where the loops of the CLE are disjoint and simple. In particular, we encode the combined structure of the LQG surface and the CLE κ ' in terms of stable growth-fragmentation trees or their variants, which also appear in the asymptotic study of peeling processes on decorated planar maps. This has consequences for questions that do a priori not involve LQG surfaces: In our paper entitled "CLE Percolations" described the law of interfaces obtained when coloring the loops of a CLE κ ' independently into two colors with respective probabilities p and 1 - p . This description was complete up to one missing parameter ρ . The results of the present paper about CLE on LQG allow us to determine its value in terms of p and κ ' . It shows in particular that CLE κ ' and CLE 16 / κ ' are related via a continuum analog of the Edwards-Sokal coupling between FK q percolation and the q-state Potts model (which makes sense even for non-integer q between 1 and 4) if and only if q = 4 cos 2 ( 4 π / κ ' ) . This provides further evidence for the long-standing belief that CLE κ ' and CLE 16 / κ ' represent the scaling limits of FK q percolation and the q-Potts model when q and κ ' are related in this way. Another consequence of the formula for ρ ( p , κ ' ) is the value of half-plane arm exponents for such divide-and-color models (a.k.a. fuzzy Potts models) that turn out to take a somewhat different form than the usual critical exponents for two-dimensional models.

Description

Keywords

Conformal loop ensembles, Gaussian free field, Growth–fragmentation trees, Liouville quantum gravity, Percolation, Schramm–Loewner evolutions

Journal Title

Probab Theory Relat Fields

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0178-8051
1432-2064

Volume Title

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Rights

All rights reserved
Sponsorship
European Research Council (804166)