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Revealing carbon capture chemistry with 17-oxygen NMR spectroscopy

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Pugh, Suzi M 
Short, Marion IM 
Kaur, Chanjot 
Lu, Ziheng 


jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pCarbon dioxide capture is essential to achieve net-zero emissions. A hurdle to the design of improved capture materials is the lack of adequate tools to characterise how COjats:sub2</jats:sub> adsorbs. Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a promising probe of COjats:sub2</jats:sub> capture, but it remains challenging to distinguish different adsorption products. Here we perform a comprehensive computational investigation of 22 amine-functionalised metal-organic frameworks and discover that jats:sup17</jats:sup>O NMR is a powerful probe of COjats:sub2</jats:sub> capture chemistry that provides excellent differentiation of ammonium carbamate and carbamic acid species. The computational findings are supported by jats:sup17</jats:sup>O NMR experiments on a series of COjats:sub2</jats:sub>-loaded frameworks that clearly identify ammonium carbamate chain formation and provide evidence for a mixed carbamic acid – ammonium carbamate adsorption mode. We further find that carbamic acid formation is more prevalent in this materials class than previously believed. Finally, we show that our methods are readily applicable to other adsorbents, and find support for ammonium carbamate formation in amine-grafted silicas. Our work paves the way for investigations of carbon capture chemistry that can enable materials design.</jats:p>


Funder: Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST); doi:

Funder: Gouvernement du Canada | Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (Conseil de Recherches en Sciences Naturelles et en Génie du Canada); doi:

Funder: RCUK | Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC); doi:


Article, /639/638/298/921, /639/301/299/1013, /140/131, /119/118, article

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Nature Communications

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC
RCUK | Medical Research Council (MRC) (MR/T043024/1)
RCUK | Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) (EP/S022953/1, EP/T015063/1, EP/R029946/1, EP/P020259/1)