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Towards Process-Oriented Proportionality Review In The European Union

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Harvey, Darren 


This article provides an analysis of contemporary case law and subsequent academic commentary which suggests that a more process-oriented approach to proportionality review has recently been taken by the Court of Justice of the European Union. It argues that the manner in which process-oriented review has been utilized gives rise to a fundamental reconceptualization of the nature of the proportionality test at the EU level; moving away from a substantive, merits based concept of review towards something more akin to a procedural obligation to state the reasons which underpin a contested measure. The article highlights some of the problems that have arisen from this shift in approach from both a doctrinal and a theoretical perspective, whilst demonstrating the inconsistent way in which the Court has formulated and applied process-oriented proportionality review to date.


This is the final version of the article. It first appeared from Wolters Kluwer via


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European Public Law

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Wolters Kluwer

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