Repository logo

The influence of fracture pattern on the residual resistance of laminated glass at high strain-rates: an experimental investigation of the post-fracture bending moment capacity based on time-temperature mapping of interlayer yield stress

Accepted version



Change log


Talbot, JP 
Overend, M 


jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pLaminated glass panels are increasingly installed in glazed façades to enhance the blast protection of buildings. These ductile panels offer residual bending resistance following the fracture of the glass layers, due to the composite action of the attached glass fragments in compression and the interlayer in tension. Three-point bending tests performed previously on laminated glass specimens at low temperature, which aimed to simulate the effects of high strain-rate due to the time-temperature dependency of the interlayer, demonstrated an enhancement of the ultimate load capacity by two orders of magnitude compared to that at room temperature. These tests were performed on specimens with an idealised fracture pattern, by pre-fracturing cracks at a uniform spacing of 20 mm, aligned in both glass layers. Under blast loads, however, a random pattern of irregular fragment sizes occurs, with the cracks not always aligned in the two glass layers. Additionally, the plastic hinge location within each specimen coincided with the point of application of the load, which may have influenced the results. This paper addresses these concerns by reporting on further low-temperature tests that have considered four additional pre-fractured patterns in both three- and four-point bending. The results demonstrate that the bending moment capacity of the specimens is unaffected by the number and size of the glass fragments, and by the choice of the loading rig. An enhancement of the bending capacity is consistently observed for specimens with misaligned cracks that is almost twice that of specimens with aligned cracks. This suggests that the idealised pattern with aligned cracks, considered in previous work, results in a lower-bound estimate of the bending capacity for panels with random fracture patterns formed under blast loading.</jats:p>



Laminated glass, Blast response, Strain-rate, Post-fracture, Fracture pattern

Journal Title

Glass Structures and Engineering

Conference Name

Journal ISSN


Volume Title


Springer Science and Business Media LLC
EPSRC (1817334)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/L016095/1)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P013848/1)