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Energy-efficient modulation and physical layer design for low terahertz band communication channel in 5G femtocell Internet of Things

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Khalid, N 
Yilmaz, T 
Akan, OB 


© 2018 Elsevier B.V. High throughput capability of the terahertz band (0.3–10 THz) wireless communications is expected to be utilized by the fifth generation of mobile telecommunication systems and enable a plethora of new applications. Supporting devices will transfer large amounts of data in both directions, causing high energy consumption by the electronic circuitries of the equipment in use. Therefore, physical layer for these systems must be designed carefully in order to reduce energy consumption per bit. In this paper, the best performing modulation scheme and hardware parameters that minimize the energy consumption without affecting the system throughput are determined. THz band device technologies are outlined and a complete survey of the state-of-the-art low-THz band circuit blocks which are suitable for mass market production is given. It is shown that for short-range communications, M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation is the most energy-efficient technique that can lead up to 90% reduction in consumed energy. Moreover, optimal transceiver parameters which can be used to further minimize the energy consumption of the THz band system are examined.



Energy efficiency, Modulation, Physical layer, Submillimeter wave communication, 5G mobile communication, Internet of Things

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Ad Hoc Networks

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Elsevier BV