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Statistical-Shape Prediction of Lower Limb Kinematics During Cycling, Squatting, Lunging, and Stepping-Are Bone Geometry Predictors Helpful?

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De Roeck, Joris 
Duquesne, Kate 
Van Houcke, Jan 
Audenaert, Emmanuel A 


Purpose: Statistical shape methods have proven to be useful tools in providing statistical predications of several clinical and biomechanical features as to analyze and describe the possible link with them. In the present study, we aimed to explore and quantify the relationship between biometric features derived from imaging data and model-derived kinematics. Methods: Fifty-seven healthy males were gathered under strict exclusion criteria to ensure a sample representative of normal physiological conditions. MRI-based bone geometry was established and subject-specific musculoskeletal simulations in the Anybody Modeling System enabled us to derive personalized kinematics. Kinematic and shape findings were parameterized using principal component analysis. Partial least squares regression and canonical correlation analysis were then performed with the goal of predicting motion and exploring the possible association, respectively, with the given bone geometry. The relationship of hip flexion, abduction, and rotation, knee flexion, and ankle flexion with a subset of biometric features (age, length, and weight) was also investigated. Results: In the statistical kinematic models, mean accuracy errors ranged from 1.60° (race cycling) up to 3.10° (lunge). When imposing averaged kinematic waveforms, the reconstruction errors varied between 4.59° (step up) and 6.61° (lunge). A weak, yet clinical irrelevant, correlation between the modes describing bone geometry and kinematics was observed. Partial least square regression led to a minimal error reduction up to 0.42° compared to imposing gender-specific reference curves. The relationship between motion and the subject characteristics was even less pronounced with an error reduction up to 0.21°. Conclusion: The contribution of bone shape to model-derived joint kinematics appears to be relatively small and lack in clinical relevance.



SSM-based kinematics, bone geometry, lower limb kinematics, model optimization, musculoskeletal modeling, statistical shape model

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Front Bioeng Biotechnol

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Frontiers Media SA