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Ideal refocusing of an optically active spin qubit under strong hyperfine interactions

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Zaporski, Leon 
Shofer, Noah 
Bodey, Jonathan H 
Manna, Santanu 
Gillard, George 


Combining highly coherent spin control with efficient light-matter coupling offers great opportunities for quantum communication and networks, as well as quantum computing. Optically active semiconductor quantum dots have unparalleled photonic properties, but also modest spin coherence limited by their resident nuclei. Here, we demonstrate that eliminating strain inhomogeneity using lattice-matched GaAs-AlGaAs quantum dot devices prolongs the electron spin coherence by nearly two orders of magnitude, beyond 0.113(3) ms. To do this, we leverage the 99.30(5)% fidelity of our optical pi-pulse gates to implement dynamical decoupling. We vary the number of decoupling pulses up to N = 81 and find a coherence time scaling of N^{0.75(2)}. This scaling manifests an ideal refocusing of strong interactions between the electron and the nuclear-spin ensemble, holding the promise of lifetime-limited spin coherence. Our findings demonstrate that the most punishing material science challenge for such quantum-dot devices has a remedy, and constitute the basis for highly coherent spin-photon interfaces.



cond-mat.mes-hall, cond-mat.mes-hall, quant-ph

Journal Title

Nature Nanotechnology

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Nature Research
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Marie Sk?odowska-Curie actions (861097)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) (862035)