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The origins and evolution of Cypriot glazed ware productions during the 13th to 17th centuries CE

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Ting, Ka 
Rehren, Thilo 
Vionis, Athanasios 
Kassianidou, Vasiliki 


This paper challenges the conventional characterisation of glazed ware productions in the eastern Mediterranean, especially the ones which did not feature the use of opaque or tin-glazed technology, as technologically stagnant and unsusceptible to broader socio-economic developments from the late medieval period onwards. Focusing on the Cypriot example, we devise a new approach that combines scientific analyses (thin-section petrography and SEM-EDS) and a full consideration of the chaîne opératoire in context to highlight the changes in technology and craft organisation of glazed ware productions concentrating in the Paphos, Famagusta, and Lapithos region during the 13th to 17th centuries CE. Our results indicate that the Paphos production was short-lived, lasting from the establishment of Frankish rule in Cyprus in the 13th century to the aftermath of the fall of the Crusader campaigns in the 14th century. However, glazed ware production continued in Famagusta and Lapithos from the late 13th/14th centuries through to the 17th century, using technical practices that were evidently different from the Paphos production. It is possible that these productions were set up to serve the new, local demands deriving from an intensification of commercial activities on the island. Further changes occurred to the technical practices of the Famagusta and Lapithos productions around the 16th/17th centuries, coinciding with the displacement of populations and socio-political organisation brought by the Ottoman rule.



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Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

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