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Subtle Differences among 5-HT3AC, 5-HT3AD, and 5-HT3AE Receptors Are Revealed by Partial Agonists.


Type

Article

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Authors

Price, Kerry L 
Hirayama, Yuri 

Abstract

5-HT3 receptors are members of the Cys-loop family of ligand-gated ion channels, and, like most members of this family, there are multiple subunits that can contribute to functional pentameric receptors. 5-HT3A and 5-HT3AB receptors have been extensively characterized, but there are few studies on 5-HT3AC, 5-HT3AD, and 5-HT3AE receptors. Here we explore the properties of a range of partial agonists at 5-HT3AC, 5-HT3AD, and 5-HT3AE receptors following expression in Xenopus oocytes. The data show that the characteristics of receptor activation differ in the different heteromeric receptors when they are challenged with 5-HT, m-chlorophenylbiguanide (mCPBG), varenicline, 5-fluorotryptamine (5-FT), or thymol. 5-HT, 5-FT, varenicline, and mCPBG activation of 5-HT3AC, 5-HT3AD, and 5-HT3AE receptors yields similar EC50s to homomeric 5-HT3A receptors, but maximal responses differ. There are also differences in the levels of potentiation by thymol, which is greater at 5-HT3A receptors than 5-HT3AB, 5-HT3AC, 5-HT3AD, or 5-HT3AE receptors. Docking thymol into the receptor indicates a different residue in the transmembrane domain could provide an explanation for these data. Overall our study suggests that 5-HT3AC, 5-HT3AD, and 5-HT3AE have distinct pharmacological profiles to those of 5-HT3A and 5-HT3AB receptors; this is likely related to their distinct roles in the nervous system, consistent with their differential association with various disorders. Thus, these data pave the way for drugs that can specifically target these proteins.

Description

Keywords

Cys-loop receptor, Ligand-gated ion channel, serotonin receptor, Animals, Biguanides, Oocytes, Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3, Serotonin, Serotonin 5-HT3 Receptor Agonists, Thymol, Tryptamines, Varenicline, Xenopus laevis

Journal Title

ACS Chem Neurosci

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

1948-7193
1948-7193

Volume Title

8

Publisher

American Chemical Society (ACS)
Sponsorship
Medical Research Council (MR/L021676/1)
Supported by grant MR/L021676 from the MRC to S.C.R.L.