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Multimodal Treatment of a Canine Lingual Melanoma Using a Combination of Immunotherapy and a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.

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Hayes, Alison 
Dobson, Jane 


A 9-year-old female neutered Miniature Schnauzer was diagnosed with a lingual malignant melanoma on the basis of incisional biopsy and histopathology. The patient was initially given a guarded prognosis of a few months' survival as surgical treatment options were declined by the owner. In order to control the disease a combination treatment of immunotherapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitors was initiated. The mass showed a marked and sustained reduction in size, whilst preserving quality of life for the patient, with a survival at the time of writing of 15 months since diagnosis. This experience suggests that combination therapy for oral malignant melanoma using immunotherapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitors may be successful in some patients and warrants further investigation.



Immunotherapy, Tyrosine kinase inhibitor, Tki, Lingual Malignant Melanoma

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