Utilising Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells in Neurodegenerative Disease Research: Focus on Glia.


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Abstract

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are a self-renewable pool of cells derived from an organism's somatic cells. These can then be programmed to other cell types, including neurons. Use of iPSCs in research has been two-fold as they have been used for human disease modelling as well as for the possibility to generate new therapies. Particularly in complex human diseases, such as neurodegenerative diseases, iPSCs can give advantages over traditional animal models in that they more accurately represent the human genome. Additionally, patient-derived cells can be modified using gene editing technology and further transplanted to the brain. Glial cells have recently become important avenues of research in the field of neurodegenerative diseases, for example, in Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. This review focuses on using glial cells (astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes) derived from human iPSCs in order to give a better understanding of how these cells contribute to neurodegenerative disease pathology. Using glia iPSCs in in vitro cell culture, cerebral organoids, and intracranial transplantation may give us future insight into both more accurate models and disease-modifying therapies.

Description
Keywords
astrocytes, humanized models, induced pluripotent stem cells, microglia, neurodegenerative disease, oligodendrocytes, transplantation, organoids, Animals, Humans, Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Neuroglia, Neurons
Journal Title
Int J Mol Sci
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
1422-0067
1422-0067
Volume Title
22
Publisher
MDPI AG