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PRIMPOL ensures robust handoff between on-the-fly and post-replicative DNA lesion bypass

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Peer-reviewed

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Abstract

The primase/polymerase PRIMPOL restarts DNA synthesis when replication is arrested by template impediments. However, we do not have a comprehensive view of how PRIMPOL-dependent repriming integrates with the main pathways of damage tolerance, REV1-dependent ‘on-the-fly’ lesion bypass at the fork and PCNA ubiquitination-dependent post-replicative gap filling. Guided by genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 screens to survey the genetic interactions of PRIMPOL in a non-transformed and p53-proficient human cell line, we find that PRIMPOL is needed for cell survival following loss of the Y-family polymerases REV1 and POLη in a lesion-dependent manner, while it plays a broader role in promoting survival of cells lacking PCNA K164-dependent post-replicative gap filling. Thus, while REV1- and PCNA K164R-bypass provide two layers of protection to ensure effective damage tolerance, PRIMPOL is required to maximise the effectiveness of the interaction between them. We propose this is through the restriction of post-replicative gap length provided by PRIMPOL-dependent repriming.

Description

Acknowledgements: We would like to thank Kim Liu and Consuelo Perez for help with Illumina sequencing, the LMB flow cytometry facility and members of the Sale lab for discussions.

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Journal Title

Nucleic Acids Research

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0305-1048
1362-4962

Volume Title

52

Publisher

Oxford University Press
Sponsorship
LMB (U105178808)