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Clonal somatic copy number altered driver events inform drug sensitivity in high-grade serous ovarian cancer

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Martins, Filipe Correia  ORCID logo
Couturier, Dominique-Laurent  ORCID logo
Sauer, Carolin Margarethe  ORCID logo
Vias, Maria 


jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pChromosomal instability is a major challenge to patient stratification and targeted drug development for high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). Here we show that somatic copy number alterations (SCNAs) in frequently amplified HGSOC cancer genes significantly correlate with gene expression and methylation status. We identify five prevalent clonal driver SCNAs (chromosomal amplifications encompassing jats:italicMYC, PIK3CA, CCNE1, KRAS</jats:italic> and jats:italicTERT</jats:italic>) from multi-regional HGSOC data and reason that their strong selection should prioritise them as key biomarkers for targeted therapies. We use primary HGSOC spheroid models to test interactions between in vitro targeted therapy and SCNAs. jats:italicMYC</jats:italic> chromosomal copy number is associated with in-vitro and clinical response to paclitaxel and in-vitro response to mTORC1/2 inhibition. Activation of the mTOR survival pathway in the context of jats:italicMYC</jats:italic>-amplified HGSOC is statistically associated with increased prevalence of SCNAs in genes from the PI3K pathway. Co-occurrence of amplifications in jats:italicMYC</jats:italic> and genes from the PI3K pathway is independently observed in squamous lung cancer and triple negative breast cancer. In this work, we show that identifying co-occurrence of clonal driver SCNA genes could be used to tailor therapeutics for precision medicine.</jats:p>



Article, /692/4028/67, /631/67/69, /631/67/1517/1709, /631/67/70, /631/67/1059/602, /13, /38, /45, /49, article

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Nature Communications

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Cancer Research UK (CRUK) (C53876/A24267)
Academy of Medical Sciences (SGL016_1084)
CUH | Addenbrooke’s Charitable Trust, Cambridge University Hospitals (Addenbrooke’s Charitable Trust, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust) (REF 13/17)