A Rationally Designed Hsp70 Variant Rescues the Aggregation-Associated Toxicity of Human IAPP in Cultured Pancreatic Islet β-Cells.


Type
Article
Change log
Authors
Bongiovanni, Marie Nicole 
Aprile, Francesco Antonio  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5040-4420
Sormanni, Pietro 
Vendruscolo, Michele  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3616-1610
Abstract

Molecular chaperones are key components of the protein homeostasis system against protein misfolding and aggregation. It has been recently shown that these molecules can be rationally modified to have an enhanced activity against specific amyloidogenic substrates. The resulting molecular chaperone variants can be effective inhibitors of protein aggregation in vitro, thus suggesting that they may provide novel opportunities in biomedical and biotechnological applications. Before such opportunities can be exploited, however, their effects on cell viability should be better characterised. Here, we employ a rational design method to specifically enhance the activity of the 70-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp70) against the aggregation of the human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP, also known as amylin). We then show that the Hsp70 variant that we designed (grafted heat shock protein 70 kDa-human islet amyloid polypeptide, GHsp70-hIAPP) is significantly more effective than the wild type in recovering the viability of cultured pancreatic islet β-cells RIN-m5F upon hIAPP aggregation. These results indicate that a full recovery of the toxic effects of hIAPP aggregates on cultured pancreatic cells can be achieved by increasing the specificity and activity of Hsp70 towards hIAPP, thus providing evidence that the strategy presented here provides a possible route for rationally tailoring molecular chaperones for enhancing their effects in a target-dependent manner.

Description
Keywords
Hsp70, amylin, hIAPP, molecular chaperones, protein aggregation, rational design, Amyloid beta-Peptides, Cell Line, Cell Survival, Cells, Cultured, Genetic Variation, HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins, Humans, Insulin-Secreting Cells, Islet Amyloid Polypeptide, Protein Aggregates, Protein Aggregation, Pathological
Journal Title
Int J Mol Sci
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
1661-6596
1422-0067
Volume Title
19
Publisher
MDPI AG
Sponsorship
Alzheimer's Society UK