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Metamaterial based circular disc patch Antenna miniaturization

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jats:pA novel metamaterial structure has been proposed for its operation at 2.4 GHz. A circular disc patch antenna resonating at dual band frequency with 2.4 GHz and 3.36 GHz has been designed using full field solver CST MWS tool and the loading effect of the metamaterial has been shown. The loading of metamaterial shows a radial size reduction of 56.71% in the circular disc patch (dimensional space reduction by 81.26%) while the effect of loading the metamaterial array and loading the metamaterial with defected ground plane show that without reducing the disc patch radius, the patch antenna can resonate at 1.00 and 1.942 GHz respectively, these yield a lower frequency shift of 58.33% and 19.79%. The designed metamaterial consists of two copper conductive concentric circular rings over a polyimide substrate. Various antenna parameters such as S11, VSWR, Bandwidth, Gain, Directivity and Radiation efficiency have been obtained for the circular disc patch antenna, circular disc patch antenna loaded with the metamaterial, circular disc patch antenna loaded with an array of metamaterial and are compared. A spice circuit has been derived for the reflection coefficient of the circular disc patch without loading the metamaterial, circular disc patch loaded with metamaterial using Keysight based ADS tool for its inclusion in a traditional electrical circuit solver tool.</jats:p>



40 Engineering, 4006 Communications Engineering, 4009 Electronics, Sensors and Digital Hardware, 51 Physical Sciences, 5103 Classical Physics

Journal Title

Advanced Electromagnetics

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Volume Title



Advanced Electromagnetics


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