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Hybrid microscopic depletion model in nodal code DYN3D

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

Repository DOI


Type

Article

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Authors

Kotlyar, D 
Fridman, E 
Kliem, S 

Abstract

The paper presents a general hybrid method that combines the micro-depletion technique with correction of micro- and macro- diffusion parameters to account for the spectral history effects. The fuel in a core is subjected to time- and space-dependent operational conditions (e.g. coolant density), which cannot be predicted in advance. However, lattice codes assume some average conditions to generate cross sections (XS) for nodal diffusion codes such as DYN3D. Deviation of local operational history from average conditions leads to accumulation of errors in XS, which is referred as spectral history effects. Various methods to account for the spectral history effects, such as spectral index, burnup-averaged operational parameters and micro-depletion, were implemented in some nodal codes. Recently, an alternative method, which characterizes fuel depletion state by burnup and ²³⁹Pu concentration (denoted as Pu-correction) was proposed, implemented in nodal code DYN3D and verified for a wide range of history effects. The method is computationally efficient, however, it has applicability limitations. The current study seeks to improve the accuracy and applicability range of Pu-correction method. The proposed hybrid method combines the micro-depletion method with a XS characterization technique similar to the Pu-correction method. The method was implemented in DYN3D and verified on multiple test cases. The results obtained with DYN3D were compared to those obtained with Monte Carlo code Serpent, which was also used to generate the XS. The observed differences are within the statistical uncertainties.

Description

Keywords

History effects, Spectral history, Microscopic depletion, DYN3D

Journal Title

Annals of Nuclear Energy

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0306-4549
1873-2100

Volume Title

92

Publisher

Elsevier BV