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Acetylated Xylan Degradation by Glycoside Hydrolase Family 10 and 11 Xylanases from the White-rot Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Kojima, Keisuke 
Sunagawa, Naoki 
Yoshimi, Yoshihisa 
Tryfona, Theodora 
Samejima, Masahiro 

Abstract

Endo-type xylanases are key enzymes in microbial xylanolytic systems, and xylanases belonging to glycoside hydrolase (GH) families 10 or 11 are the major enzymes degrading xylan in nature. These enzymes have typically been characterized using xylan prepared by alkaline extraction, which removes acetyl sidechains from the substrate, and thus the effect of acetyl groups on xylan degradation remains unclear. Here, we compare the ability of GH10 and 11 xylanases, PcXyn10A and PcXyn11B, from the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium to degrade acetylated and deacetylated xylan from various plants. Product quantification revealed that PcXyn10A effectively degraded both acetylated xylan extracted from Arabidopsis thaliana and the deacetylated xylan obtained by alkaline treatment, generating xylooligosaccharides. In contrast, PcXyn11B showed limited activity towards acetyl xylan, but showed significantly increased activity after deacetylation of the xylan. Polysaccharide analysis using carbohydrate gel electrophoresis showed that PcXyn11B generated a broad range of products from native acetylated xylans extracted from birch wood and rice straw, including large residual xylooligosaccharides, while non-acetylated xylan from Japanese cedar was readily degraded into xylooligosaccharides. These results suggest that the degradability of native xylan by GH11 xylanases is highly dependent on the extent of acetyl group substitution. Analysis of 31 fungal genomes in the Carbohydrate-Active enZymes database indicated that the presence of GH11 xylanases is correlated to that of carbohydrate esterase (CE) family 1 acetyl xylan esterases (AXEs), while this is not the case for GH10 xylanases. These findings may imply co-evolution of GH11 xylanases and CE1 AXEs.

Description

Keywords

Phanerochaete chrysosporium, acetylated xylan, biomass utilization, glycoside hydrolase, xylanase

Journal Title

J Appl Glycosci (1999)

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

1344-7882
1880-7291

Volume Title

69

Publisher

The Japanese Society of Applied Glycoscience