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Cadaveric comparison of two techniques for intraoperative placement of tibial plateau levelling osteotomies in dogs.

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Meek, Matt 
Malortie, Selena 


BACKGROUND: Both tibial tuberosity fractures and deviation from the planned postoperative tibial plateau angle have been associated with poor centring of tibial plateau levelling osteotomies (TPLOs). The aim of this cadaveric study was to compare two techniques for centring the osteotomy and preserving the tibial tuberosity width (TTW). METHODS: Stifle radiographs were obtained from 20 limbs of 10 dogs. TPLO was planned on each stifle, and a two-wire technique (TWT) and a technique using the medial collateral ligament (MCL) as an intraoperative landmark were planned. The techniques were executed and marked with radiopaque pins. Further radiographs were obtained and analysed. RESULTS: On average, TWT resulted in a 20.4% increase in TTW and medial collateral ligament technique (MCLT) resulted in a 13.4% decrease. Expressed as a percentage of the radial saw size, the average error in the centring of the osteotomy arising from the TWT was 13.4% and that from the MCLT was 14.2%. LIMITATIONS: This study had a small sample size and involved a single surgeon. CONCLUSION: Neither technique reliably identified the desired centre of the osteotomy, and both had a similar magnitude of error. MCLT resulted in reduced TTW, while TWT resulted in increased TTW. A reduced TTW has been associated with an increased risk of tibial tuberosity fracture, so MCLT is not recommended for clinical use.


Publication status: Published


Humans, Dogs, Animals, Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Retrospective Studies, Tibia, Osteotomy, Stifle, Cadaver, Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries, Dog Diseases

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