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The practice of glycaemic control in intensive care units: A multicentre survey of nursing and medical professionals.

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Fernández-Méndez, Rocío  ORCID logo
Harvey, Daniel John Roberton 
Windle, Richard 
Adams, Gary George 


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the views of nurses and physicians working in intensive care units (ICU) about the aims of glycaemic control and use of their protocols. BACKGROUND: Evidence about the optimal aims and methods for glycaemic control in ICU is controversial, and current local protocols guiding practice differ between ICUs, both nationally and internationally. The views of professionals on glycaemic control can influence their practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multicentre, survey-based study. METHODS: An online short survey was sent to all physicians and nurses of seven ICUs, including questions on effective glycaemic control, treatment of hypoglycaemia and deviations from protocols' instructions. STROBE reporting guidelines were followed. RESULTS: Over half of the 40 respondents opined that a patient spending <75% admission time within the target glycaemic levels constituted poor glycaemic control. Professionals with more than 5 years of experience were more likely to rate a patient spending 50%-74% admission time within target glycaemic levels as poor than less experienced colleagues. Physicians were more likely to rate a patient spending <50% admission time within target as poor than nurses. There was general agreement on how professionals would rate most deviations from their protocols. Nurses were more likely to rate insulin infusions restarted late and incorrect dosage of rescue glucose as major deviations than physicians. Most professionals agreed on when they would treat hypoglycaemia. CONCLUSIONS: When surveyed on various aspects of glycaemic control, ICU nurses and physicians often agreed, although there were certain areas of disagreement, in which their profession and level of experience seemed to play a role. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Differing views on glycaemic control amongst professionals may affect their practice and, thus, could lead to health inequalities. Clinical leads and the multidisciplinary ICU team should assess and, if necessary, address these differing opinions.



critical care, healthcare survey, hyperglycaemia, hypoglycaemia, Attitude of Health Personnel, Critical Care, Critical Illness, Cross-Sectional Studies, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Hyperglycemia, Hypoglycemia, Intensive Care Units, Surveys and Questionnaires

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J Clin Nurs

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Nottingham University Hospitals (NUH) Charity and the NUH Department of Research and Innovation University of Nottingham School of Health Sciences director of research small grants